Each block that is generated on the blockchain gives out a reward. Currently for TRC it is 10 TRC per block. This happens approximately every 2 minutes with TRC. The block reward also includes all transaction fees that happen during that 2 minute period.
The split between the miners, masternodes, and decentralized governance is below.
|Coin Supply||42 Million coins|
|Block Generation||2 minutes|
|Reward Halves||Every 1050000 blocks|
|Masternodes||Yes, 5000 TRC as collateral|
|Instant Send||Yes, (temporarily disabled due to known exploit)|
|Dark Gravity Wave Difficulty Recalculation||Yes|
Decentralized governance is the ability for masternode operators to put in proposals and to vote on proposals that spend the TRC that is generated from the block rewards sent to decentralized governance.
Everyone with a masternode can put in proposals for what that money is spent on. Each proposal is then voted on by masternode owners. If the proposal gets enough votes then it goes into effect. Here's a hypothetical scenario to show how it works.
Let's say someone wants to make a Youtube video explaining how Terracoin works. They own a masternode so they write up a proposal explaining that they have experience creating content for Youtube. They say they will make the video for 2000 TRC and they post examples of content they have created for Youtube in the past.
The proposal then goes up before all of the masternode owners to vote on. If the majority of masternode owners like the proposal and vote for it then it passes. 2000 TRC is then taken from the total monthly (21,600 TRC) decentralized governance budget and sent to the proposal creator. If the proposal doesn’t pass then the 2000 TRC is left in the budget.